The Quimbaya artifacts come from the Cauca river valley located within the South American country Columbia. “They say it was made up of more than 200 gold objects, but only 123 objects were acquired in 1891 by the President of the Republic, Carlos Holguín” (Perea, A. 2013 p.2.1). These 123 Quimbaya artifacts can be placed into several different categories according to Perea, these consist of anthropomorphic/ phytomorphic vessels, headed pins, helmets, instruments, jewelry, and zoomorphic and anthropomorphic pendants. “Archaeologists have identified these items as part of what today is known as the Quimbaya Culture (200 BC. BC-900 AD.)” (FIELD, Les. 2012. Introduction). Although there are two main eras of the Quimbaya, the classic/early era is when the majority of these golden artifacts were created. “The Quimbaya territory spreads over the middle basin of the Cauca River, and gold work appears to reach its peak before 1000c.e.” (Scott & Meyers. 1992. P.334). The Quimbaya culture is known for their skill in metal working especially with Copper, Silver, and gold. These three metals were casted together in order to form many of the artifacts that have been recovered from the Cauca river valley in Columbia. “Metal work reached a very high artistic and technical development, however, as yet, no tools definitely used in manufacturing of metal objects have been found” (Bruhns, 1970. P.202).